Which was the World’s First National Park?

Bob Crombie, First National Park, October 2014

When people ask, “Which, of all the world’s national parks, was the first national park?” the obvious approach is to compare dates of establishment. Let’s look at four famous names: Yosemite 1864, Yellowstone 1872, Mackinac 1875, and Royal National Park, 1879. In each, the term ‘national park’ was used to mean a number of different things.

Murray Valley National Park

Featured National Park

Ross McDonnell, Former NSW NPWS Regional Manager and long term NPA Member

Many reserves have a myriad of management arrangements related to the protection of historical, cultural, recreational and natural values. While these arrangements generally impact in a positive way they can be complex to administer. One example of a complex set of arrangements is with the environmental water allocations (EWAs) for the Murray Valley National Park.

Plans for a motorway in Royal National Park must be abandoned

In today’s Sydney Morning Herald (F6 Extension to mean bulldozing 460 homes or cutting through the National Park – Wednesday June 14th 2017) Peter Martin reveals that “the NSW government is considering acquiring 60 hectares of the Royal National Park for the proposed F6 Extension between Sydney and the Illawarra.”

Don’t swap World Heritage for a motorway

Sydney is the envy of millions of urban dwellers around the world who can only dream of living in a city with such spectacular natural beauty. The National Parks fringing the city—Ku-ring-gai, Blue Mountains and Royal—are an integral part of Sydney’s beauty and attractiveness, and a vital haven for Sydneysiders to escape the hustle and bustle of urban life.

Royal & Yellowstone — The World’s First National Parks

Janine Kitson, Member of the National Parks Association of NSW

Based on the NPA course presented to the WEA, Sydney on 4 March, 2017. With special thanks to Robert Crombie, Sutherland Shire Environment Centre.

In 1879 NSW led the world by establishing Royal National Park – then known as ‘The National Park’. This was Australia’s first official national park and one of the first national parks in the world. The first national park in the world was Yellowstone, created in 1872. Sydney’s National Park was renamed ‘Royal National Park’ in 1955 in honour of Queen Elizabeth II’s 1954 Australian tour.

Barrington Tops National Park

Featured National Park

Roger Lembit, Convenor, NPA’s Park Management Committee

Barrington Tops National Park and State Conservation Area make up an area of about 83,000 ha of reserved land. Additional forested land is managed by the Forestry Corporation, including Stewarts Brook, Barrington Tops, Bowman and Chichester State Forests. There are strong vegetated links northwards towards Nundle and Nowendoc around the head of the Manning River catchment.